Cardiac issues in India are a growing concern. As statistics say, India is home to more than 30 million patients with cardiac problems. And by 2020, the burden of cardiovascular diseases in India is estimated to go beyond than that of any other country globally. Factors like aging, unhealthy lifestyles, wrong eating habits and the ever-changing socio-economic determinants like accessibility to healthcare are fuelling the rising number of cardiac patients across the country.
What Is Cardiac Surgery?
A cardiac operation is a surgical procedure that is applied to rectify the deadly issues with heart and its functionalities. Generally putting, it is a surgical procedure, performed for healing and treating problems related to lungs, heart, esophagus, and other organs of the chest. Surgeons operate on the heart as well as the blood vessels for repairing the damage attributable to other ailments or disorders of the cardiovascular system.
What Determines When Someone Needs Cardiac Surgery?
Several symptoms and signs determine that you are in urgent need of cardiac surgery and some of them are listed below:
- Heart Stroke.
- Chronic anxiety & restlessness.
- Excessive low blood pressure.
- Continuous chest painpassing to other organs like neck, shoulders, or back.
- Troubled breathing or rapid breathing.
- The uneasiness of heart or chest.
- Fainting, wooziness, & frequent loss of consciousness.
What Are The Risks Of Cardiac Surgery?
Alongside advantages and plus points, the cardiac operation is also associated with a number of complications and risks, and some of them include:
- Infection of achest
- Atrial fibrillation.
- Instable & irregular heartbeat.
- Failure of lung or kidney.
- Retained blood syndrome.
- Mild fever.
- Chest tube clogging.
- Neurocognitive symptoms like loss of consciousness or vagueness.
- Neurological damages.
What Are The Types of Cardiac Surgery?
- Open Heart Surgery:
Open Heart Surgery is performed on the valves, muscles, or arteries of the heart for repairing or replacing the damaged heart valves, treating atrial fibrillation, conducting heart transplants, and installing VADs and TAHs.
- Modern Beating-Heart Surgery:
Modern Beating-Heart Surgery is a type of pump surgery, intended for restoring the blood flow to the heart. It is conducted when the arteries failed to supply enough blood to the heart.
- Heart Transplant:
Heart Transplant is a surgery that removes a damaged or unhealthy heart and replaces it with a healthy heart, donated by a deceased donor. This type of surgery is performed at an end-stage heart failure.
- Coronary Artery Bypasses Grafting:
Coronary Artery Bypasses Grafting, or CABG is done for improving the flow of blood to the heart.
- Minimally Invasive Surgery:
Minimally Invasive Surgery is a surgical procedure used for minimizing the surgical incisions and hence reduces the trauma to the body. Unlike conventional cardiac surgeries, this method uses thin needles and an endoscope for visually guiding the surgeons.
How Long Does A Cardiac Surgery Take?
Depending on the type of operation you are undergoing, the average cardiac surgeries usually take three to four hours, and it may take up to six weeks or more for the patient to recover. If you are in search of a multi-specialist and heart specialist hospital in India which can provide both medicinal and surgical treatments for heart or cardiac issues, then Saroj Hospital is worth considering.
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