What is PCOS? — Tips to prevent PCOS
Polycystic ovary or PCOS is a metabolic syndrome in which case it appears in young girls after achieving menarche. This symptom complex consists of – ovulation, oligomenorrhea, the hair on face & hair fall. Later on life, they can develop DM, heart disease and if not treated can develop endometrial cancer. It is a disease of hormonal imbalance lifestyle disease, mostly in overweight girls.
Common symptoms associated with PCOS
- Obesity, Irregular periods; some women even get less than 8 periods a year, Short Cycles, Dysmenorrhea
- Excess hair growth on face especially along jawlines. This happens due to the presence of excess hormones
- Pimples & Acne
- Difficulty in getting pregnant
- Heart ailments
What happens in PCOS?
Every month the ovaries release eggs during the childbearing age of a woman. These eggs, when fertilized by a man’s sperms, mature to form the embryo and a child is born. Different female hormones control the maturity and release of these eggs. In abnormal hormonal level (high male hormone) the follicles do not mature into eggs. Instead, they form cysts. In women with polycystic ovaries, multiple cysts are found in the ovaries.
If you’re unable to conceive or experiencing irregular periods, then you might be diagnosed with PCOS.
Book an appointment with the top super speciality hospital in Delhi, India.
What causes PCOS?
Doctors are yet to find the exact cause of PCOS. However, the main symptom of PCOS is the presence of high level of the male hormone, sedentary lifestyle, insulin resistance, overweight, and genetics.
PCOS can affect your body in many ways. Infertility being the most prominent one, however, PCOS can also lead to metabolic syndrome including high blood sugar, low HDL or the good cholesterol, and high LDL or bad cholesterol. PCOS can also lead to sleep apnea in very obese patients. In many cases, the thick endometrial lining caused by PCOS can lead to increased risk of endometrial cancer.
How to diagnose PCOS?
PCOS can be diagnosed easily with an ultrasound & laboratory test. If you’re experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above then it is likely you’re suffering from PCOS. It is important to get treated especially if you’re planning to have a child.
There are several medications available to control PCOS. Medicines like Clomid (anti-estrogen medication) is often found helpful especially when taken during the first part of the menstrual cycle. To control and regulate your menstrual cycle, doctors may prescribe a different combination of birth control pills which contain antiandrogen (cyproterone acetate) . These medications decrease the level of the male hormone, Luteinizing hormone and increase the level of estrogen and progestin. Other medications include progestin therapy, metformin tablets, etc.
If you’re looking for a Top Gynaecologist/Obstetrician in Delhi where you can get yourself assessed for PCOD, then you should consider Saroj hospital, which is one of the Best Gynaecology Treatment Hospital in Delhi.
The hospital is known for offering affordable but top-class medical treatments to patients. The highly skilled doctors, the professional staffs, the state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructures not only attract the local patients but international patients too. If you’re suffering from irregular periods, overweight, excessive hair growth or difficulty in conceiving, then you should get yourself evaluated for PCOD at one of the best department for women care in Delhi.